# Conversions

The purpose of this section of this website is to show you some of the most common daily conversions used by Brazilians. After all, it is an important element in the Brazilian language, especially if you are planning to live in the country.

#### Introduction

The Metric System is used in Brazil to measure lengths, distances, liquids, ect, ect. what is the Metric System? here it is as defined by "Wikipedia" -

The metric system is an international decimalised system of measurement, first adopted by France in 1791, that is the common system of measuring units used by most of the world. It exists in several variations, with different choices of fundamental units though the choice of base units does not affect its day-to-day use. Over the last two centuries, different variants have been considered the metric system. Since the 1960s the International System of Units ("Syst?me International d'Unit?s" in French , hence "SI") has been the internationally recognised standard metric system. Metric units are widely used around the world for personal, commercial and scientific purposes. A standard set of prefixes in powers of ten may be used to derive larger and smaller units from the base units.

According to the US CIA world fact book in 2006, the International System of Units is the official system of measurement for all nations except for Myanmar, Liberia, and the United States. However, a number of other jurisdictions have laws mandating or permitting other systems of measurement in some or all contexts, such as the United Kingdom ? where the Traffic Sign Regulations only allow distance signs displaying Imperial Units (miles or yards) ? or Hong Kong.

Note: In the Portuguese language, the dot is used to express the thousands and the comma is used for decimals.

• Example 1: 1,000 = one thousand in the US, but in Brazil = one
• Example 2: 1.234 = one point two three four in the US, but in Brazil = one thousand two hundred thirty four.

#### Dates

In Brazil, dates are expressed in the Day/Month/Year format

• In Brazil, 12 / 5 / 2008 is May 12, 2008. in the USA, 12 / 5 / 2008.
• In the USA, 12 / 5 / 2008 is expressed as December 12, 2008.
• It is always best to write or abbreviate the name of the month instead of using numbers. Here are abbreviations for all the months in Portuguese -

Jan, Fev, Mar, Abr, Maio, Jun, Jul, Ago, Set, Out, Nov, Dez.

#### Weight

Weights are generally expressed in Kilos (kgs) and grams. (Note: Remember the comma represents a dot)

• 1 kilogram = 2,204 pounds.
• 1 pound (lb) = 453 grams.
• 1,000 grams = 1 kilo.
• 1 ton = 1,000 kilos.
• 1 pound = 0,45359237 kg.

#### Length

Length is measured in meters and centimeters. (Note: 1 meter = 100 centimeters)

• 1 meter = 3,28 feet.
• 1 meter 39,37 inches.
• 1 foot = 30,48cms.
• 1 inch = 2,54 cms.
• 1 centimeter = 0,3937 inches.
• 1 meter = 1,0936 yards.

#### Volume

Liquids are measured in liters (L) and mililiters (ML) (Note: 1 L = 1000 ML)

• 1 liter = 33,814 ounces.
• 1 liter = 0,264 gallon
• 1 gallon = 3,785 liter
• 1 ounce = 29, 573 milliliters (ML).

#### Distance

Distance is measured in kilometers. (Vehicle speed is expressed as kilometers per hour)

• 1 kilometer = 0,621 miles.
• 1 mile = 5.280 feet = 1,609 km = 1.609 meters.
• 1 nautical mile = 6.076 feet = 1,852 km = 1.852 meters.

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